Complete Bird List

Complete list of birds recorded at Rutland Water Nature Reserve, compiled by Tim Appleton.

Number of species recorded: 267
The birds are arranged in BOU taxonomic order and currently approved English names are used.

Key to status

RB Resident breeder
V Vagrant
S Summer only
W Winter only
SB Summer breeder
P Spring or autumn passage
O Occurs most years
VS Vagrant summer
VP Vagrant passage
PB Passage and breeds
PW Passage and winter
E Escape
Species Latin Name Status
Fulvous Whistling Duck Dendrocygna bicolor E
Mute Swan Cygnus olor RB
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus W
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus W
Bean Goose Anser fabalis V
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus W
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons OP
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus E
Greylag Goose Anser anser RB
Snow Goose Anser caerulescens E
Emperor Goose Anser canagicus E
Greater Canada Goose Branta canadensis RB
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis W
Brent Goose Branta bernicla VW
Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis E
Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiaca RB
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea V
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna RB
Australian Shelduck Tadorna tadornoides E
Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata O
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope W
American Wigeon Anas americana V
Gadwall Anas strepera RB
Eurasian Teal Anas crecca RB
Green-winged Teal Anas carolinensis V
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos RB
Northern Pintail Anas acuta R
Garganey Anas querquedula SB
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors V
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata RB
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina R
Common Pochard Aythya ferina RB
Redhead Aythya americana V
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris V
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca V
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula RB
Greater Scaup Aythya marila W
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis V
Common Eider Somateria mollissima V
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis OW
Common Scoter Melanitta nigra W
Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca OW
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula W
Smew Mergellus albellus W
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator W
Goosander Mergus merganser W
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis RB
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala V
Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa R
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix R
Common Quail Coturnix coturnix VS
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus RB
Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata OW
Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica OW
Great Northern Diver Gavia immer W
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis RB
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus RB
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena OW
Slavonian Grebe Podiceps auritus W
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis O
Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis O
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus V
European Storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus V
Leach’s Storm-petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa V
Northern Gannet Morus bassanus O
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo RB
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis O
Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris OW
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax V
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis V
Little Egret Egretta garzetta O
Great Egret Ardea alba V
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea RB
White Stork Ciconia ciconia V
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia OP
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus VS
Red Kite Milvus milvus R
Eurasian Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus SP
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus OW
Montagu’s Harrier Circus pygargus VS
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis V
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus RB
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo R
Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus V
Osprey Pandion haliaetus SB
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus RB
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus V
Merlin Falco columbarius W
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo S
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus RW
Water Rail Rallus aquaticus RB
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana VP
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus RB
Common Coot Fulica atra RB
Common Crane Grus grus V
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus SB
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta P
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola V
Little Plover Charadrius dubius SB
Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula PB
American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica V
European Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria W
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola P
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus RB
Red Knot Calidris canutus P
Sanderling Calidris alba P
Little Stint Calidris minuta P
Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii P
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis V
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos OP
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea P
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima WV
Dunlin Calidris alpina PW
Ruff Philomachus pugnax PW
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus W
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago RB
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus V
Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola W
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa PW
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica P
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus P
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata PW
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus P
Common Redshank Tringa totanus RB
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia P
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes V
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus PW
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola P
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos P
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres P
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus OP
Grey Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius OP
Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus V
Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus OP
Long-tailed Skua Stercorarius longicaudus V
Great Skua Stercorarius skua OP
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus PW
Little Gull Larus minutus P
Sabine’s Gull Larus sabini V
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus RB
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis V
Mew Gull Larus canus R
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus R
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis PW
Herring Gull Larus argentatus W
Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides V
Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus V
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus R
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla R
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus V
Little Tern Sternula albifrons P
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia V
Black Tern Chlidonias niger P
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus V
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis P
Common Tern Sterna hirundo SB
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea P
Little Auk Alle alle V
Rock Pigeon Columba livia R
Stock Pigeon Columba oenas RB
Common Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus RB
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto RB
European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur SB
Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri V
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus SB
Barn Owl Tyto alba RB
Little Owl Athene noctua RB
Tawny Owl Strix aluco RB
Long-eared Owl Asio otus OW
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus OW
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus V
Common Swift Apus apus S
Alpine Swift Apus melba V
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis RB
Hoopoe Upupa epops V
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla OP
Green Woodpecker Picus viridis RB
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major RB
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor RB
Wood Lark Lullula arborea V
Sky Lark Alauda arvensis RB
Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris VW
Sand Martin Riparia riparia SB
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica SB
House Martin Delichon urbicum SB
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis P
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis RB
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus V
Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus W
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta W
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava SB
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea W
White / Pied Wagtail Motacilla alba RB
Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus V
Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes RB
Hedge Accentor Prunella modularis RB
European Robin Erithacus rubecula RB
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos SB
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica V
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros OV
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus P
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra P
Stonechat Saxicola torquatus W
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe P
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus OP
Common Blackbird Turdus merula RB
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris W
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos RB
Redwing Turdus iliacus W
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus RB
Cetti’s Warbler Cettia cetti OW
Common Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia SB
Savi’s Warbler Locustella luscinioides V
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus SB
Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris V
Eurasian Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus SB
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla SB
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin SB
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca SB
Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis SB
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus V
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix OP
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita SB
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus SB
Goldcrest Regulus regulus RB
Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla O
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata SB
Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca OP
Bearded Tit Panurus biarmicus OW
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus RB
Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus RB
Great Tit Parus major RB
Coal Tit Periparus ater RB
Willow Tit Poecile montanus RB
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris RB
Wood Nuthatch Sitta europaea RB
Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris RB
Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus OP
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio V
Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor VW
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius RB
Black-billed Magpie Pica pica RB
Eurasian Jackdaw Corvus monedula RB
Rook Corvus frugilegus RB
Carrion Crow Corvus corone RB
Hooded Crow Corvus cornix V
Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris RB
House Sparrow Passer domesticus R
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus RB
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs RB
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla W
European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris RB
European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis RB
Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus W
Common Linnet Carduelis cannabina RB
Twite Carduelis flavirostris V
Lesser Redpoll Carduelis cabaret W
Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea OW
Arctic Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni V
Common Crossbill Loxia curvirostra V
Common Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula RB
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes V
Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus OW
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis OW
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella RB
Reed Bunting mberiza schoeniclus RB
Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra O

Key to status

RB Resident breeder
V Vagrant
S Summer only
W Winter only
SB Summer breeder
P Spring or autumn passage
O Occurs most years
VS Vagrant summer
VP Vagrant passage
PB Passage and breeds
PW Passage and winter
E Escape

Please take a look at our Bird Gallery page to see these birds